Procedural Writing

LI: To write a set of clear instructions that show how to make a hangi.

How to make a hangi

You will need:


  • Shovels
  • lighter/matches 
  • stones/iron
  • paper
  • lighter
  • twigs/kindling
  • metal baskets
  • Cloth sacks
  • hook tool
  • Gloves
  • cylinder of water
  • big leaves
  • wood
  • at least 2-3 people to dig the pit.


  • Ingredients:
  • Vegetables(potato, carrots, taro leaves, kumara, pumpkin,  cabbage.) 
  • Meat (ox, chicken, beef, lamb, pork)

Numbered Steps:

  1. Dig 1m(4ft) deep pit. Make sure it’s slightly larger than food baskets.
  2. Gather wood and volcanic stones then stack the wood piling the stones on top
  3. Light the wood on fire and let the wood and stones wait for about 3-5 hours so they heat up, you will know when they are ready once stones start turning white.
  4. Prepare the vegetables and add garlic powder and seasonings to add flavor.
  5. Collect meat for the hangi and season with salt and pepper or garlic powder, commonly chicken, pork and beef. 
  6. Line baskets in foil or banana leaves and place food in making sure meat and vegetables are in separate trays.
  7. Soak sacks and sheets in water and place on the side of the pit so dirt can’t get in.
  8. Place all the food trays into the pit on top of the hot rocks making sure the meats are added first and then the vegetables.
  9. Put a wet sheet on top of the trays that is long enough to touch the bottom tray, then add more wet sacks and sheets on top of everything.
  10. Let the food cook for at least 4 hours and then remove all sacks and sheets carefully so that no dirt gets onto the 
  11. Use gloves to transfer the trays of food and let it cool down.
  12. Carve meat to serving sizes and enjoy!

Today we unpacked how to follow and write a set of instructions. To do this effectively your instructions need to be explicit and the steps to follow ordered. Each step begins with an instructional verb and should be written in a way that is easy to understand.

SAFETY MESSAGE: Always make sure someone is looking after the Hangi to make sure that nothing burns and the environment is safe.

I enjoyed trying to follow the steps of the worksheet at the start because it taught me thayt I should always read the instructions carefully before I do anything.

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